English French German Italian Portuguese Russian Spanish
 
History
  1. Dental institutional distribution at the time of Partition.
  2. History of Dentistry in Pakistan.
  3. Historical background of de’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore.
  4. Development of dentistry in Balochistan.
  5. Dentistry in Balochistan Dr. M. A. Soofi a pioneer dental surgeon Quetta/Kalat  Division.
  6. Improvement in the Science of Dentistry.
  7. Certificate given ceremony on implantology.

Dental Institutional distribution at the time of Partition

At the time of partition on 14 August, 1947, the Province of Punjab was divided into two parts (Western & Eastern) by demarcation of the Boundary Commission headed by Red Cliffe of U. K. Western part of Punjab having 16 districts became the part of Pakistan. While Eastern part having 13 districts became part of East Punjab - Bharat. The Western Punjab inherited about 55% of population and for this population there were only one dental institution built in 1934 de’ Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore and Punjab Dental Hospital, Ravi Road, Lahore. On the medical side, there was Mayo Hospital, and King Edward Medical College, Lahore, this college was installed in 1860, these institutions were basic institutions serving people of this area for treatment and useful education to produce medical graduates MBBS and dental graduates BDS. There were some philanthropists like Sir Ganga Ram who was running Sir Ganga Ram Trust Hospital on the Queen’s Road. Sir Ganga Ram was a poor person but after his hard work he get education, he became Engineer and most influential figures in the architectural and social development of modern Lahore (1851-1927). By his hard work he became Executive Engineer of the city of Lahore and had a lot of contribution to the planning and construction of first sanitation system and water works and many buildings at Lahore like Lahore Museum, the Mayo School of Art (National College of Art), High Court, Lahore Cathedral, General Post Office, Aitchison College, Chemistry Department of Government College, Albert Victor Wing of the Mayo Hospital.   In 1923 Ganga Ram Hospital was constructed on Queens Road and handed over to Sir Ganga Ram Trust and later on his grandson Balak Ram’s wife who contributed a heavy amount and management committee declared Balak Ram medical college in 1942. There were other institutions like Jan Ke Devi, similarly at Peshawar Lady Reading Hospital, Medical School at Amartasar and Ludhiana and only Lady Reading College at Dehli.   Dentistry was very difficult which has very few places for training at private level like Ahmed Dental School, Calcutta. Dentistry was not popular as it was not well developed.  

Note: -

Pakistan Medical Association was formed in 1948 and Pakistan Dental Association was formed in 1951 at the clinic of Dr. Jalal ud Din, a private practitioner on the Mall and Dr. Abdul Haq was first president. It included unqualified practitioners as executive members.  Dr. H. R. Shah took over as Principal de’Montmorency College of Dentistry and he became President in 1953. There used to 6 executive members 3 qualified and 3 unqualified dental practitioner and dental health week was celebrated in the lawn of de’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore 1954. Mr. Justice Munir was Chief Guest and Secretary Health and Col. S. M.K. Malik participated.  

HISTORY OF DENTISTRY IN PAKISTAN

ROAD TO PDA LAHORE

The larger range interest of the PDA Lahore was to serve the profession by communicating directly to the Government with the people of the country and to those, who are meaningful in the matters of health in Pakistan. It remains effective and its voice has gained the attention of the high ups and number of the profession. On these principles and discipline governed by the executive of PDA Lahore has served the profession constantly with reliability and potential resources. Thus it has translated the accurate objective and comprehensive devotion as a single segment of the health society and had thus achieved significant position and thoughts as an Institution of the qualified Dental Surgeons. All its policies and contribution clearly remained effective in accordance with its constitution. 

It has launched a programme of health education, academic discussion, important lectures and averting the attention of the government to the every day problems of the Dentists, social get together and with such other positive mission, it remained successful to carry out the dreams of the devoted and challenger colleagues. The Association’s important feature and profile is, that service is its mission though being small to number.

History of the Pakistan Dental Association is associated with the land mark of development for Dentistry and Dental Education in the sub continent.   Because all such activities and celebrations of the Association as originated from the Teachers. The Association and the Dental Teachers with their interesting sights contributed in many attractive affairs of the Association. Though smallest in number but development in dentistry at present, available to the public with modern equipments and dental products meeting the highest expectation of the human beings is due to contribution of old time teachers.

Introduction:

Dentistry in our country preliminary was a craftsmanship upto 1916. It was not developed as such. It has not been recognized as the subject or the speciality , but after 1920 the ideas struck to certain people to organize the dental education and education was started in Calcutta on purely private basis. In those days health was a provincial subject and thus in 1934 College of de’Montmorency of Dentistry was established for Medical Graduates by Governor of the Punjab and later on it obtained the position of undergraduate premier Institution of this country.

de’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore.

First Principal of de’Montmorency College was Dr. Peter Giles from 1934 to 1936. To be a pioneer is a great virtue. Dr. peter Giles with a constitutional brain and better wishes took the task for perfection with the Government and hitherto this Institution was established among the men of medicine with the sight and ideas to promote dentistry as post graduate classic speciality of medical men. The philosophy itself was very bright but later on different goals were designed for a separate dental graduation. Dr. Giles stand in line of history for making this college more valuable and remarkable.

Second Principal was Dr. C. D. Marshal Day (from 1936 to 1947). He was the research worker and he made a study in 1947, the first study on Hyperthrophic gingivitis. The study was conducted at Queen Merry College and Diyal Singh High School. Earlier he made two studies with Shourie K. L. 1944 & 1949 on various subjects of gingival diseases. Later on he became the world authority on periodontal diseases. He died in America leaving behind various publications.

Third Principal of de’Montmorency College was Dr. Raymond Gill, from 1947-1949. Dr. Raymond had a missionary spirit though he was given a contract appointment by Punjab Govt in 1947. He had many novel ideas and teaching materials and thus he trained the dental manpower to the need of the people. He did not trained himself to a Cavity or a Crown but contacted the PDA and Private Profession of this Science and focused fraternity and spirit of social well being. He established a library. Museum and separate section for children dentistry.

Every Sunday of the month was dedicated to open lectures and demonstration at the dental hospital. Lectures were given in English and Urdu. Due to his novel ideas and assistance of his wife the dental health weeks were planned. The first instance, 1949 Dr. Siddique was the Organizer and for 2nd week in March, 1950 was inaugurated by Mohtrama Fatima Jinnah, in which many posters were designed and distributed.

Development of dentistry was his choice. Hence in his private life in July, 1959. Dental Journal was published in accordance with his desire, participation and encouragement and he was the Chairman of Panel of the Editors which is a great contribution of this person to the Dental Science. He died in 1975 in USA. 

Dr. Abdul Haq was 4th Principal (from 1949 to 1953). Dr. Haq was very nice man. He was a medical graduate and did his BDS from de’Montmorency College. He played an active part and was committed to his moral and religious values. He was also conferred honorary FDSRCS. Dr. Haq was a splendid teacher with quality of joy and pleasure. He was very popular in medical colleges for his scientific knowledge in dentistry and reflected his quality of being a nice teacher through his deliberation and demonstration. He has the ability to deal with the most effective way to others.

5th Principal was Dr. Hassan Raza Shah (BALDSFDS (Hon). From 1953 to 1969. Dr. Hassan Raza Shah in his series of profile was an eminent figure. He was much more loved and respected for expansion for scientific programme and development of MDS. Examination of Punjab University.   There is a list of creations various dental sections and clinics attached with medical colleges / hospitals to his credit. He also broke through public Health Dentistry and constructed a new block with aid of WHO which is now occupied by Orthodontics and Children Dentistry in Dental College. He enjoyed the charms to be the first Regent of International College of Dentists. 

Dr. H. R. Shah extended his charms and kindness to many with whom he has collaboration and close association. He showed his great skill in blending together use of the international scientists and Pakistan Dental Association. Throughout of his office he showed himself to be a man very much larger than his physical stature. He possess enthusiasm for contribution towards the cause of Dentistry. As a President of the Association, he was of very active leadership and was respected by his colleagues. He had the ability to demonstrate a scientific design and thus he was conferred fellowship of Royal College of Edenbrogu (Scottland) U. K. Under his principalship he gained a very active panels of four chairs i.e. Operative Dentistry, Oral Surgery, Orthodontics and Prosthetics. He had the ability to encourage the new members and used to provide the opportunity for expression of their ability.

The number of qualified dental graduates, during pre-partition days from the de’Montmorency College of Dentistry was not very high. Out of them few Muslims were in the Pakistan Army e.g. Dr. Mahmood Ahmed was Incharge Army Dental Services, Rawalpindi. Dr. Chaudhri was Incharge of Dental Division, Karachi and a few more. Pakistan had about ten graduates and some others have migrated to Pakistan as Dr. Walli Mooraj, LDS America was practitioner in Karachi. There were only twelve to fifteen dental surgeons qualified to be registered with Pakistan Medical Council and permitted to practice in Pakistan. Many other practicing persons were un-registered and unqualified.

There were British Dentists practicing in all major cities brought for Army and civilian officers. Hindus and Sikhs who qualified from abroad and there were only few Muslims. Some entered into practice from private owned dental colleges, e.g. (1) Dental College established by Dr. R. Ahmad in Calcuttafor LDS. Diploma, there were only three Dentists from this College in Pakistan. Perhaps Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah qualified from this College in 1922. She got her Licenciate Diploma and practiced dentistry for seven years. (2) Nayar Dental College Bombay for LDS Diploma. There were about 3 dentists from this College in Pakistan (3) Patel Dental College was opened by late Dr. M. K. Patel, DDS (American) on Hospital Road Opp: Civil Hospital, Karachi. The building still bears its name. This college was closed down in 1943. There were about six dentists from this college (4) Lahore and Several private Dental Colleges gave LDS Diploma (a) Dean Dental College was established by late Dr. Ikramuddin. There were two dentists from this Dental College at the time of partition. (b) Stiapal Dental College and few others. 

Immediate after partition, some courageous people possessing the quality for seeking research and to improve the profession, bounded themselves into central council at Lahore in order to investigate the problems of Dentistry for solution. The philosophy of election at that time was different from ours, obviously this science was not well defined and number of the qualified people was very minimal as the profession was initiated pre-partition time of sub-continent (Indo-Pakistan) by Hindus and Sikhs and four persons who became pillars later on graduated in 1046. They are the followings: -

  1. Dr. Mahmood Ahmed
  2. Dr. Ejaz ul Haq
  3. Dr. Hiader Shah Tirmzi
  4. Dr. Bashir Ahmed Yazdani

The founder members of Pakistan Dental Association was held in the first week of October’ 1948 at the Clinic of Jalal ud Din (unqualified Dentist) which was attended by Dr. Abdul Haq, Dr. Hassan Raza Shah, Dr. Hamayun Akhtar, Dr. Haider Tirmzi, Dr. Shafique Ahmed, Dr. B. A. Yazdanie, Dr. J. B. Sproul and Dr. Ejaz ul Haq. These people were labeled as founder member of Pakistan Dental Association. But much of the time PDA remained ad-hoc committee for responsibility in building up the dental profession in the country. These ad-hoc members were Dr. Abdul Haq, Dr. hassan Raza Shah, Dr. Hafiz Ghulam Rasul, Dr. M. Saleem Cheema, Mr. S. M. Iqbal was appointed as Honorary Secretary of the PDA by the President in consultation with members of the adhoc committee in 1958. The adhoc committee in 1958 finalized the constitution and adopted 7 points program for upliftment of the profession i.e. short term course for members etc. In this association there used to be three unqualified members of the Executive Committee like Aslam Khan, Daud, Atta Ullah etc.

The election as usual was held at de’Montmorency College, Lahore on 26th March, 1961. Dr. H. R. Shah was re-elected as President. Dr. Haider Tirmzi Vice President, Dr. Dara Hormasji, General Secretary, Dr. M. Arif, Treasurer, Dr. M. Saleem Cheema, Editor and Mr. S. M. Iqbal Honorary Secretary. The Central Counsellor were Dr. Abid Minhas, Dr. Zafar Khan Niazi, Dr. B. A. Yazdanie, Dr. Agha M. Ayyub (unqualified) Sh. Sultan ahmed (unqualified) Shafique Ahmed (Unqualified).

In the same year another Dental College was attached to Dhacca Medical College in East Pakistan for 15 admission. Same year Dr. Saeed Ahmed Malik, Dr. B. A. Yazdanie were declared passed for MDS whereas Saleem Cheema passed MDS in 1956, Haider Tirmzi in 1958, Mahymood 1963, Brig. Atta 1964 and Ejaz ul Haq in 1947. Prior to 1959 there was not a post of Assistant Professor but the teaching staff used to be termed as Assistant Dental Surgeon. And after 1959 this post was converted as Assistant Professor Dentistry whereas four posts of Professors were created in 1971 for Dr. Saleem Cheema, Dr. Hamayyun Akhtar, Dr. B. A. Yazdanie and Haider Tirmzi in the specialities of Oral Surgery, Operative Dentistry, Dental Prosthetics & Orthodontics respectively.

These four chairs have continued until the retirement of Dr. Hamayyun in 1983 and Dr. Haider Tirmzi in 1975 after the retirements of these two chairs have been held in abeyance since them.

The first Dental Health week was arranged by PDA in September, 1949 with the efforts of
Mr. Raymond Gill and it was a good show and later on 2nd Dental Health week was celebrated in March 1950 inaugurated by Mohtrama Fatima Jinnah (Dentist by Profession) with dental exhibition. It was the specific successful function of the association.

Dentistry gained the attention of the central Govt. and the medical reform commission took this profession as a part of the post and the commission took this profession as a part of the post and the commission made the dental education on sound footings and later on registration of dental surgeon like other medical practitioners was introduced by Brig. M. Sharif, the then Director General health. He was also ambitious to get away the quacks from the profession.

All such activities of the Association were focused at this college because of the shortage of number of the dental surgeons. For example in 1948 there was only one graduate Dr. Abbas Haider and later on 3 & 4, 5 & 6 graduates used to pass. And thus dental needs and demands were started increasing but the deficiency according to WHO reports in 1962 (Dentist Manpower shortage) was of the high nature i.e. one Dentist for 283, 700 inhabitants. In 1962 dental health committee was formed under the presidentship of Dr. Zaffar Khan Niazi with members like Dr. Hafiz Ghulam Rasul, Dr. M. a. Soofi and Dr. M. Saeed (formerly PIA). This committee started the net work of public education through newspaper, radio and booklets.

On 25th March, 1962 there was a new turn in Association when Dr. Zaffar Khan Niazi was elected President and Dr. M. a. Soofi as General Secretary. It passed the resolution for dental Act to place the profession of dentistry on soundh fottings and an appeal was made to the dentists to join the association and contribute in making the profession an effective and consolidated course, for members.

In 1964 Dental section was attached to Khyber Medical College of Peshawar. Dr. Ahmad Iqbal after returning from Germany took over as Assistant Surgeon (Assistant Professor) similarly Dr. Saeed A. Malik was appointed as Assistant Professor of Dentistry at Liaquat Medical College, Jamshoro. From 1968 to 1970 the Association was headed by Dr. Hafiz Ghulam Rasul, Dr. Ahmed Hassan and Dr. M. A. Soofi. In 1970 the then President PDA Centre, Dr. M. A. Soofi made a visit at the office of Turkish Dental Association, Istambul and Iranian Dental Association to chalk out the work for formation of RCD Dental Association after return from abroad in the month of July. The visit of the President Dr. M. A. Soofi in Turkey and Iran in July, 1970 was very successful in making the theme for formation of RCD Dental Federation.

In 1970 (14 July, 1970) during his visit to United Kingdom Dr. M. A. Soofi called at the office of Secretary General, Federation of International Dentaire, Dr. Letherman who agreed to provide membership to Pakistan Dental Association on the reduced rates of the Membership. The Secretary General FDI wanted that Pakistan should remain its member. The visit of President M. A. Soofi to Iran and Tureky and FDI was given in a meeting of Central Council of PDA on 10th October, 1970 at Hotel Ambassador.

On 15.01.1972 the Federal Ministry was given a Memorandum for outlining the dental treatment under the signature of Dr. Ahmed Hassan, Dr. M. Saleem Cheema and Dr. Z. U. Bhatti as member of the Central Council.

The Association have been conducting social get togethers often and it used to invite the VIP of Government officials for example on 11th August, 1969 at Pearl Continental Hotel Dr. Amir Mohammad Khan, the then Secretary Health was the Chief Guest. Dr. M. A. Soofi read the paper regarding problems of dental surgeons and health services. The PDA used to call on the authorities both at the province and at Centre level for promotion of the dental profession and both for the health study groups. President, PDA Dr. M. a. Soofi, Dr. Shuja ud Din Qureshi, Dr. Yousaf appeared before health study group (Col. Atta Ullah on 28.08.1969) in which creation of senior Class-I Post (2) Fellowship in Education in abroad (3) Expension of course BDS to 5 years (4) creation of new posts and registration unqualified practice.

Similarly, the President Dr. M. A. Soofi on 4th Sept. 1969 approached Air Marshal Noor Khan, the Governor West Pakistan and invited the attention and its problems and invited him in 1st Dental Surgeons convention. 

Dr. Soofi the President with collaboration of executives have given much of the comments on expension on dental health service and education in Pakistan Dental in detail.

Similar situation was observed under the Chairmanship of Dr. M. A. Soofi at Provincial Dental Action Committee and observed the strike of 21st West Pakistan in which the students participated and got the class-II at par with the medical doctors. The demands were submitted on 15.03.1969. Thus the struggle made by dental profession collectively resulted into achievement of the profession.  

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF de’MONTMORENCY
COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY, LAHORE

In the year 1927 Governor of Punjab, Sir Montmorency became concerned with the dental problems in the province of Punjab. Thus, the foundation of Punjab Dental Hospital was laid in 1929. It started operating in April 1930. Later, the College was also established in 1934 and was named after the Governor of Punjab Sir Montmorency.

de’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore is one of the oldest and most prestigious centres of dental education and research in the sub-continent. In fact it has been the only dental institution producing graduates for a long time. Dacca and Calcutta did produce licentiate dental surgeons and a number of unauthorised institutions with commercial motives were also engaged in some form of dental education.  

At the time of independence it was the only dental centres with limited manpower resources available in terms of teachers, house surgeons and students.   The departure of Britishers, Hindus and Sikhs dilapidated the conditions but with the untiring efforts of limited number of staff, the institution started making its leaps forward.

In the early sixties, need for more dental institutions arose and gradually new centres at Peshawar, Hyderabad and Multan started producing dental graduates. They are not only engaged in imparting dental teaching but also providing the dental health cover to large sections of population of their respective areas. Beyond that all these institutions are training dental graduates for the Middle East and the Far East countries.

Initially de’Montmorency College of Dentistry was engaged in training medical graduates thus providing them dual qualification of MBBS & BDS.

Only four MBBS doctors, two Hindus, one Sikh and one Muslim were provided this opportunity. Later, the course became available to intermediate with science and twelve students were admitted in each session, that was thus the state of affairs till 1947. 

At the time of partition Dr. Abdul Haq and his colleagues, started building from the foundation laid down by Dr. Marshall Day and Dr. Peter Gilles and since then hundreds of graduates spread in almost every corner of the world have been produced by this esteemed institute.   The graduates of this institution have earned the envy of the foreign colleagues as well as the administration of their patients due to their knowledge, devotion, digital dexterity and expertise.

This college is attached with the Punjab Dental Hospital. Both of them are situated at Fort Road Lahore in the vicinity of the historical picturesque Badshahi Mosque and majestic Lahore Fort.

The college provides four years degree course at the end of which students are awarded the degree of Bachelor of Dental Surgery by the University of Punjab.

Apart from this the following training programme are also held in this institution.

a. A two year condensed course for the medical graduates to obtain the BDS degree.

b. Two years training programme for the MDS degree.

c. One year diploma course in the clinical subject.

d. Two year dental technicians course.

All the latest and advanced teaching facilities are provided for the training of undergraduate and postgraduate students. The hospital is well equipped and comprises of almost all the disciplines of dentistry while the medical subjects are taught in the King Edward Medical College and Mayo Hospital, Lahore.

The institution has developed and progressed inspite of limited resources and has become an institute of great repute which stands upto international standards. All this was possible only due to the selfless, devoted and untiring efforts of Dr. Marshall Day, Dr Peter Gilles, Dr. Abdul Haq and Dr Hassan Raza Shah.

Today it enjoys the status of the most respected institution not only in the country but also in the whole region.  

DEVELOPMENT OF DENTISTRY IN BALUCHISTAN

Baluchistan was at one time governed by the agent to Governor General of Pakistan and it was known as British Baluchistan and rest of the states like Kallat, Lesbella, Mikran, Kharan – were the domain of the Nawabs.   After the dismemberment of the four provinces into one unit, West Pakistan Province, Quetta and Kallat were demarcated in two divisions governed by the Commissioner and the Districts were administered through Deputy Commissioners. 

Till 1956, there was no specific qualified dental surgeon in any District Hospital in the whole of Baluchistan, Sandeman (Civil) Hospital Quetta was the biggest centre administered Hospital having the physicians, surgeon, pathology, radiology, children speciality, gynecology, ENT. It had no system for diagnosis or treatment of oral health problems of the people of Baluchistan was there. 

One unqualified dentist used to visit the Civil Hospital, and in the Town, there were three or four technicians who were functioning as “denture makers” or pullers of teeth. General Surgeon used to do some aspect of surgery on the head and neck and some of the dental aid was sought from the CMH Dental Section headed by a rank of Captain or Maj. (Yaseen Shah).   There was no system to evaluate ORAL surgical need of the population and there was no system to have their treatment plan or any other procedure as there was no record of the disease or treatment available. 

I was posted as the first ever Dental Surgeon for Quetta Kallat Divisions at Sandemon (Civil) Hospital Quetta on 23.11.1956. On my taking over, I found there is civil surgeon Dr. M. A. Durani, who was Eye Specialist and was very good at administration, there was Dr. M. M. Hu ssaini physician and his junior Dr. Ghulam Muhammad, on surgical side Dr. Akbar Khan was very friendly and I was accorded a warm welcome and found very helpful attitude from all of them and from all the departments. Everybody was happy atleast someone has come with new knowledge to help the patients both in reducing etiological factor of a dental diseases and surgical procedures including the restoration and maintenance of the other procedures. 

During my student life, I was neither interested in continuing dentistry nor in becoming specialist and my interest in dentistry was not deep rooted.   However, I was getting patient from all the professionals, my examination method and behaviour was considered good, and intelligent by the patients. However as a student I never tried to stand first in any of 4 professional examinations in college. Once in 3rd year I got 1st position, in medicine and third position in 3rd profession and never-ever got any gold or silver medal in academic or clinical side. I was active in debates and extra curricula activities like writing of articles etc. giving lectures in the schools and was elected General Secretary 1954-55 and President 1955-56 of de’Montmorency Students Union and was also General Secretary of many other students organization. 

On reaching Civil Hospital, I had to see the conditions of the people, their need and budget of the hospital. I started my work seeing the patients, on an ordinary chair with my own examination instruments of student life. The news of my good work spread in the city like wildfire, that a young and a competent, smart dental surgeon has been posted at this hospital and he is helpful to the patients. So the individuals, groups of people, men and women started visiting the hospital in dental clinic. I found many other people at an acute stage of Alveolar abscess, pulpits and chronic diseases involving the oral cavity and systemically general diseases. Many of the people had the periodontal disease with heavy plaque and calculus deposits, many had dental caries, occlusal trauma, periapical infection and bad environment and other lesions like syphilitic lesion, osteomyclitis of jaw cancer of very advanced nature of cheek, tongue and lip . The children from 5 to 10 years were having different disease, hyperplasia of gums, ulceration and Necrosis of jaw bone. I have plenty of such disease, which we have not seen during student life. I persuaded the Civil Surgeon for budget for equipments. 

            I arranged to purchase the dental equipment, medicine from Lahore to plan necessary treatment for the population of Pakistan. I used to see initially 60 to 80 dental patients daily with periodontal conditions had increased, teeth abscess. If someone required extensive treatment, I used to admit dental patients in the Hospital for long treatment. My diagnoses was very quick a based on my study, experience and patients with mild, moderate and advance type of gingival problem. They were full pathology and of advanced nature. There was no system to find out scientifically, etiology of specific factor, like bacterial growth, gram positive and gram negative bacteria for detecting infection, the local and systemic environment have contributed to the patients disease. Culture sensitivity test was not available so the diagnosis was on my will and quick action. There was hardly any broad spectrum antibiotic available at that time in market. Sulfadiazine Tables APC was the only choice to be prescribed for swelling or for post operative care. Injection Penciline was available and this injection was a good source of specific relief to the patient and this drug has saved many lives of this area. 

I was very quick in surgical procedure too in removal of the teeth and I have been doing scaling, dressing and restorative procedure in some of the cases wherever it was the necessity.    There was no record system, however, I trained ward boys and dental technicians to help me in sterilization of the instruments and maintenance of record. We got a good many cases which were published in various journals like Pakistan Dental Review Lahore and Medicos in Karachi.

I used to arrange the clinical meetings of medical people in Sandeman Civil Hospital, Dr. Zafar Hayat, a Physician with MRCP at that time he was president PMDC, and remained Principal Nishtar Medical College Multan, Medical Superintendent Dr. A. H. Chaudhry, Dr. Abdul Aziz, ENT Specialist, Deputy Director and other presided the clinical meetings. It was a good interaction between the medical people and personnel of all ages. Through these clinical meetings, message of dentistry was spread to the medical men. I presented my case of acromegaly i.e. inter-dental separation i.e. migration of teeth, hyperplasia of gums during pregnancy and in this way Medical men were convinced that dentistry is a part of medical science. This message has given boost to the dental profession and thus I could establish dental section on a very important and standard line to deal with the patients for examination, evaluation, extraction, restorative treatment and surgical manipulation. Almost all patients were happy and the message of the dentistry spread far and wide to health division and I used to get the patients from all walk of life rich and poor, men and women and children.

The Military Staff College Quetta is a very significant Military Institution, Col. Abdul Hameed Khan, the Commandant Staff College and his wife were my patient in my youth and I had performed extraction of the wife of Commandant Staff College (later on General) under general anesthesia in CMH. Commissioners, M. Masood and M. H. Sufi, of Kallat & Quetta divisions and their families were my patients. I. G. Police of Pakistan, Justice S. A. Mahmood and his wife were treated and cured at the dental clinic Sandeman (civil) hospital Quetta during their visit to Quetta. Among the other politicians Makhdoom Talibul Moula stalwart of PPP from Sind, Mir Murad Jamali and Jaffar Khan Jamali and his family, Khan of Kalat family, Principal of Colleges, Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners, Abdul Samad Khan Achakzai, and many others were my patients and they appreciated my services. 

During my stay at Quetta in 1956-61, it was an important city of West Pakistan, it was neat and clean and it had no lofty buildings due to fear of earthquake. I have written a poem on Quetta which was published in Quetta Journal.   The earthquake hit this area in 1932 perhaps, whole of Quetta was demolished, except Cantt area, countless deaths were reported, many children were orphaned, many women became widows and heavy loss of human life and property ensued. Quetta has got a few places which attract outsiders and it is a good source of income as part of tourism. Quetta is rich with fruits and its climate is very healthy except during the cold period. When Qandhari winds blow, it becomes very cold. Some of the area of Baluchistan mostly closed down for 3 months due to snow fall. People are kept at home and they eat “Landhi and Larary” and no movement can take place because roads are closed due to heavy snow. There was no arrangement to remove the snow. Therefore, during the said period life of some villages become still for agriculture production and source of water is underground Karaz. There is no canal system, snow, heavy rains provide a source of water.

The Kalat division is far from Quetta, about 250 miles. Khan of Kalat acceded to on 29th March 1948. Dr. H. R. Shah, Principal de’Montmorency College of Dentistry, Lahore visited Quetta in 1958, he had his friend Dr. A. M. Jaffar at Quetta who was a renowned physician and a very good person. Dr. Shah and Dr. Jaffar were together at (U. K.) during student life I took Dr. H. R. Shah to Kalat via Mustang on Jeep provided by Deputy Commissioner, Quetta, in order to open up second dental clinic at Divisional headquarter Kalat. Dr. Shah was progressive, dynamic and thus we took this adventurism by road, it was barren - on the way, no water could be seen. On reaching Kalat through Hills and stones on both sides, we could not recognize each other, our faces were covered with the dust through the wind of the area and we were shivering with cold wind. We met some of the people and Dr. Siddiqui a Physician Civil Surgeon and it was decided that dental clinic may be opened, as there was no facility of dentistry for the people of Kalat. On our recommendation, the second dental clinic was sanctioned by Dr. M. A. Durani, Deputy Director, Health and Dr. Mushtaq Ahmed, BDS was posted as a first dental surgeon of Kalat Division. This was the second dental surgery clinic in Baluchistan.  

Appreciation by Federal Health Ministry

In such young age, I was posted in that region, surprisingly I have to see diseases of such pathological and advanced nature in early life of profession, after seeing such cases all my other interests vanished except to rescue the unfortunate from the clutches of the dreadful diseases. It may be added that in those days (1956) house job for all dental graduate was not essential   therefore, I could not do my house job whatever I did it was my own initiative, interest and confidence.   And this has resulted to stand with the patients in different position. I have come cross many such different cases of civilian population and from the military areas of Quetta.   Lt. General Wajid Ali Burki, as Federal Health Minister in Ayub Khan Government, at his visit at Civil Hospital, Quetta (1958-59) and he visited dental surgery department at Civil Hospital Quetta he saw my surgery and was impressed by modern equipment and management on his appreciation I dared to place my articles on dentistry before him which was published in Pakistan Dental Review Lahore. Health Minister appreciated my writings before the Commissioner Fareed ulllah Shah, Civil Surgeon Doctor M. A. Durrani and Physician M. M. Hussaini. The Minster also encouraged me to write such useful papers in future. He described me in another public meeting of village aid function as “a young dental surgeon M. A. Soofi with small degree BDS but with versatile brain, keen and vigorous at research writings and is working very hard for welfare of the patients. He also appreciated my power of writings and collection of interesting patients with different ailments. He also saw photographs of such cases in my Album.   Of course the photographs and research was at my own cost as a fashion of interest. He too expressed such views in his other engagements at Quetta. Remarks of General Wajid Ali Burki, Minister for Health of Pakistan were very encouraging for me. He said “a genius doctor was, not less than a decoration and ultimately such people wedded themselves into accounts of treasure of advancement in research/service and thus they engaged themselves in this war of writing. Due to this encouragement in my early age of profession, I made school dental health surveys of English medium school and Urdu medium schools at Quetta and had analytical results, these results and research on Periodontal condition of Children in Pakistan were included in my dissertation 1970 University of Dundee Scotland U. K. for my diploma in Public Health Dentistry and the remarks of the examiner on this dissertation on my original work were that “this is addition to international literature”. People elsewhere in other continents started interest in my articles and investigation and requests for reprints were received from all over the world Libraries almost all the countries have got Pakistan Dental Review. During my days at Civil Hospital I have written following articles, which were published in Pakistan Dental Review and was abstracted in USA and were asked for: -

· Dental Health in Pakistan- appeared in Pakistan Dent. Rev. 18-30-36 an. 1968. Perodontic Department of Dental College, Seoul National University, 111 Songong dong Choon KU, Seoul Korea.

· The Tooth and the Eye- Appeared in Pakistan Dent. Review. Vol. 18 pages 73-75, April, 1968, Universidade Federal do espirito santo (Brasil), 6500 Wissahickon Avenue Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19119, USA. 523 Waldon Building Little Rock, Arkansas and School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, 925 West 34th Street Los Angeles, California, 90007.

· Culture and Sensitivity Tests for an Antibiotics in Periodontal Disease- Appeared in Pakistan Dental Rev. Vol. 18 (3) Pg. 103-106, 1968, Smith Kline and French I.A.C. 300 Laurentian boulevard Montreal 9, Quebec.

During my stay at Sandeman (Civil) Hospital Quetta 1956-61, I have written the following articles, published in Pakistan Dental Review and Others:

A case of Ludwig’s Angina as a result of Poor Oral Hygiene.

  1. Dental Complications and Sarcoma.
  2. Oral Cancer
  3. Osteomylitis as a Result of Wise Tooth and Unwise Technique.
  4. Gangrenous Stomatitis
  5. Tongue Cancer as a Result of its Traumatic Bite.
  6. Influenza and Hemorrhagic Gums
  7. Reaction of Local Anesthesia in Dental Operation

On June 3, 1961 after my Nikah ceremony at Quetta I was transferred to Mayo Hospital Lahore in August, 1961 as incharge of dental clinic in outdoor. Dr. Abdur Rauf Shah, Dental Surgeon from Bahawalpur was posted at my place Quetta 1961 and he remained there till his retirement. Dr. Rauf Shah was a gentle person, and smooth worker but he could not do much of expansion except when Bolan Medical College was created, dentistry was included as a part of Medical College Quetta. My wife Dr. Mrs. Iqbal Soofi MBBS was kept at civil hospital Quetta.   She was woman medical officer looking after the female patients in out door from 100 to 120 daily also – indoor patients in female, medical, surgical, gynae and children wards. She was also teaching the students of Aminud Din Medical School Quetta, and she was also girls’ hostel Superintendent because there were only 2 to 3 lady doctors. Her transfer to Lahore was difficult, I had to visit Quetta to see her, to meet my old friends and to watch the development in dental health. However, she was transferred to Lahore in 1963 with great efforts at Institute of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, 6-Birdwood Road, Lahore in Food and Nutrition Department. After a year, she was again transferred to Rural Health Centre Chala District Kambalpur. I was posted in Mayo Hospital, so we decided to go back to Baluchistan once again in 1964, when the West Pakistan Government placed us at the disposal of Health Department Quetta. So we reported to Deputy Director Health Dr. M. A. Durani, who posted my wife at District Hospital Camp Ziarat and he too posted me as Dental Surgeon Sibi / Ziarat. We had lot of work even at Hill Station. It was our luck that we were posted at a place, where founder of Pakistan Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last days of his life. We had enjoyed our stay in summer as offices shifted to Sibi in Winter. I arranged to set up a dental clinic at Sibi, Deputy Commissioner Karim Lodhi funded it. During our stay at this station Sibi/Ziarat we have observed election of 1964-65 of Ayub Khan and Madri Millat Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah. Mr. Fareed Ullah was Divisional Commissioner and Mr. Karim Lodhi was Deputy Commissioner Sibi. Mr. Bashir Khan was Deputy Commissioner Quetta, Capt. Asad was Deputy Commissioner Loral Lai. All have persuaded the B. D. Members to cast their votes in favour of Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan and we too have witnessed Sept War 1965, with Bharat. We, husband and wife had served the soldiers so we started school dental health programme in Sibi and treated many people. During my stay at Sibi and Ziarat I got lot of experience about the culture and prevalence of the oral disease in this area.

BRITISH COUNCIL SCHOLARSHIP

The British Council announced one scholar ship for advancement in medicine and dentistry and it was publicized in both wings of Pakistan. I applied there were several other candidates from the medical and dental side, however, I was selected having credit of publications on different aspects of oral cavity and according to the standard merit of British Council I was given scholarship in the field of Periodontology to benefit my countrymen who are suffering from gums diseases. This is reason, I always says, Quetta Civil Hospital’s patients made me fortunate to get British Council Scholarship. This region is my teacher.

As a British Council Scholar (1965-66) spent one year at Eastman Dental Clinic at British Post-graduate Dental Institute, University of London, I have done research work on “Comparison in Vitro, of pencillin, lederamycin, cephaloridin, neomycin and flagyl against isolated colonies of Fusiformis bacilli from acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis cases”. I read this paper in Third meeting of the International Academy of Periodontology, held in Kyoto Japan, 14-16, April, 1988. Published in Recent Advances in Clinical Periodontology, Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, New York, Oxford. I framed my mind for treatment and diagnosis of a vital and sparking problem of Pakistan “Periodontal diseases” and research in bacteriology. Due to proper training and exercises in a clinical surgery at London University, styled my career as a Periodontist successfully.   Perhaps I stand as unique, so far in my country is concerned. This was neither my hope nor I planned for it. This is second incident, that I gained/ new knowledge in periodontal surgery and confirmation stands with my experience style, skill and hope.

Hope keeps a person alive for dreaming and planning. Thus my ideas made my future for preventive discipline and I am engaged here with many articles and a book on Dental Public Health 2001 for postgraduate. A chapter on Dental Public Health by me is included in Community Medicine book for MBBS, written by Illyas and Ansari.

Dentistry in Baluchistan – Dr. M. A. Soofi a pioneer Dental Surgeon Quetta/Kalat Region

Quetta:23 Nov-1956 to Aug-1961.

Prior to my posting at Sandeman (Civil) Hospital Quetta by the then West Pakistan Government Health Department, Lahore, there was no qualified dental surgeon in Baluchistan. Dentistry was not known in any corner of this area and no facility of dental care was available in any government hospital. There were few quacks practicing in the market at Quetta and some elsewhere in   Kalat. These were dangerous men and had spoiled many cases by ill treatment. On my arrival at Quetta I dreamed of setting up a dental clinic with open eyes on the modern lines with the hope to serve the common people and children of this region. Because many people were trapped in many advance diseases of oral cavity and there was no separate healing centre at any place except Combined Medical Hospital (CMH) had a dental unit and chair under the supervision of Captain or Major of Medical Core. Since there was no dental care centre with hospital to treat these patients so I started the health education programme in English and Urdu Medium Schools and to Government College Quetta and started writing of articles on dental health care in urdu and had a chance to broadcast from Radio Pakistan, Quetta in 1958. I had addressed the citizens as well, educating them about scientific methods of treatment because dental healing system was carried out by faith healers or unqualified practitioners and unqualified hakeems.

On the basis of education, the region of Quetta / Kalat (Baluchistan) was very backward and most of the area had been governed by the British and called British Baluchistan. Whereas the states of Kalat, Mikran, Khuzdar, Lasbela and others were governed by the cultural system of Sardari Nizam, there was no education system in any state and Sardars could not afford to educate the people due to fear of being challenged by them. Each Sardar owned his domain and whatever he said, was the last word, he used to have separate jail thus education could not develop in these states and these areas were most backward areas in all field of life.

Setting of dental section at Sandiman (Civil) Hospital 1956 was a new challenge in that system, Civil surgeon, was the head of the Hospital or Institution. In this hospital, all specialities of medicine, surgery, gynecology and children – Medical Laboratory & X-Ray were available except dental surgery. Thus this hospital became teaching hospital for Ameen ud Din Medical School Quetta to create Licentiate Doctors in Medicine. Almost all the higher qualified staff of this hospital was teaching the students. Prof. Dr. Baligher Rehan MRCP was professor of Medicine and Principal of Ameen ud Din Medical School, Quetta.

After my arrival at the hospital 23.11.1956, I had convinced the administrator (Civil Surgeon) of Hospital that dentistry is very essential in this part of land and people suffer from various oral cavity diseases. So as similar difficulties were felt for the cases of harelip and cleft palate, cleft palate was a congenital defect. Even all the medical staff needed Dental Care. 

I used to arrange the scientific session (Clinical Meeting) in Civil Hospital, Quetta each month in order to attract the medical and dental doctors of Ameen ud Din Medical School, for better learning. Luckily Dr. Zafar Hayat was posted here as a physician, after his return from London with MRCP. He was a sharp and intelligent physician and sweet mannered friend, later on he became Professor and Principal Nishter Medical College Multan and lastly, he was elected President PMDC. During that Quetta period he used to encourage me a lot, his letter is being written to me dated 31.05.2003 produced here:  

“I am glad to have your letter and your ambitious plans to write the history of Dentistry in Pakistan. I know of your pursuits in the world of literature and various publications in the discipline of Dentistry. Your career in Pakistan Dental Association was always vibrant. I can send you some of the information available with PMDC”.

There was another letter from Prof. Dr. Zafar Hayat, where he mentioned my topic of discussion in 1958, he remembered my days of past at Civil Hospital Quetta after about 40 years. This speciality of dentistry was absent in this part of land till my posting on 23.11.1956 as the first ever Dental Surgeon of Quetta/Kalat Regions by the then Govt of West Pakistan.

I became Secretary of this scientific medical committee of the Sandeman (Civil) Hospital Quetta. When I presented my research survey report, and other matters, I was given budget by the Civil Surgeon for purchase of dental equipment and I purchased the instruments from Lahore and installed them in a room, on medical ward side, thus the dental clinic was set up during 1956-58 in a small room with modern equipment’s and services to patients were started in a befitting way. 

I became an active member of Pakistan Medical Association Baluchistan and in other social activities and was a teacher in Dental Health for students of Amin ud Din Medical School. I had received various advance cases of dental diseases and many cases of deformities and destruction. I dealt with many maxillo-facial cases, fracture problem of jawbones and thus my professional skill was very much highlighted and appreciated by Medical doctors and patents.   Each person of Quetta had an access to the first dental clinic of Baluchistan, though he / she may have to stand in long row, I had courage to treat as many as cases 80 to 100 in a day and provided services to the people of Baluchistan at large. Due to my personal interest in profession every civil officer was my patient, the dental clinic became popular center for providing dental care to army officers as well. I used to visit CMH for treatment, for example the wife of Commandant Staff College Quetta, Brig. Abdul Hameed who later on become General was my patient. Many dignitaries Sardar / like Mir Jaffar Khan Jamali, Makhdoom Talibul Maoula, divisional commissioner Kalat & Quetta. Mr. M. Masood, Mr. M. H. Sufi and their families were my patients and all the Tribes Sardar and Nawabs were attracted to the hospital for their treatment. So there was great name in Dentistry and development of Dentistry in Baluchistan through my services. I have been dealing with such cases like “Ludwings Angina”, Oral Cancer and Syphilic Lesions and others published in “Pakistna Dental Review”.   

The Pakistan Dental Association Lahore has nominated me as a Convenir of Quetta/ Kalat Division. Meanwhile Radio Pakistan started its broadcasting from Quetta. Mr. K. J. Ali was station director and Nasir ud Din Nasir was Deputy Director - a scholarly person, who later on did D. Lit and become religious scholar and I used to give talk on the radio on dental care. I had the honour to serve Pakistan Railways employees in the Railway Hospital Quetta for dental diseases. On my arrival at Civil Hospital Quetta the news spread like wild fire in both division. There was chief nurse of Railway Hospital; she visited my surgery at Civil Hospital with dental problem soon after my arrival in Nov. 1956. I examined her and told her, you need general anesthesia for removal of your wisdom tooth and there is no arrangement at this Hospital as yet. Yes, she said “Sir if you could come to our Railway Hospital, we will arrange anesthesia. I was very enthusiastic I agreed and I walked to Railway Hospital from my residence. I removed the tooth under general anesthesia that was my first operation and achievement, after my graduation BDS from de’Montmorency College of Dentistry Punjab University-1956.   I did not serve as a House Surgeon at Lahore, after finishing my surgical task on that day I started walking to my residence.   On my departure the attendant of Nurse gave me Rs. 10/- as my fee, I refused to accept but she insisted to take Rs. 10/- again and again.   At that time value of Rs. 10/- was very high. I saw Rs. 10/- for first time and note of Rupess in my pocket four times till reaching my clinic. In these days my official pay was Rs. 250/- + Rs. 48/- as month salary. 

Dr. M. Ibrahim MBBS, later on reknown Radiologist had constructed some shops at Liaquat Road, Quetta. During his posting at Quetta, he was selected for higher studies from Civil Hospital Quetta and was my senior colleague, his son Prof.  Dr. Haq Nawaz was medical student at that time. In his shop a medical practitioner Dr. Haqui was practicing he was a genius, very nice, sympathetic. He advised me to start dental practice at evening, So I started my private clinic following his advice and he gave me a room. I purchased a steel iron dental chair “field dental chair” costing Rs. 158/- only. One of my friend Sh. Mukhtar Ahmed photographer of Soil Conservation Department who was my patient and became good friend donated me a flexible table lamp which I fixed on the wall and Tin of dalda was used as spitoon. Sterilization was done through boiling system so I started my practice in that small shop with simple equipment. I used to charge fee of Rs. 5/- my fee at that time. All the dignitaries of that area mentioned above were treated in the steel chair by me.   One of them, Makhdoom Talibul Maoula was a very great person he gave me Rs. 10/- fee at that time, it was most astonishing. So this made the dental profession popular in that region and I was given tremendous respect by lady doctors, doctors, Medical Superintendent, police officers, civil officers, army officers, citizens high or low each person knew me. Iranian Counselor Aga Afsaryab Nawai was also my patient and I used to speak a little Persian with him. However, I was not very well at Persian, for one patient I received Rs. 5/- as my fee I used to enjoy Lal Kabab as I was doing body building exercises and patients was sufficient, it was difficult to spend Rs. 5/- each evening.

Visiting Macchh Jail as Dental Surgeon

Macchh Jail is very big Jail of Pakistan in Baluchistan. Prisoners in this jail are very dangerous dacoits & killers. When I enter in the office of Superintendent Jail I asked him kindly take out all the people in ground those who have teeth problem. He said “what you are talking young boy”? they are very dangerous prisoners, you have to see them in their cell with two or three officials. I was young and was doing bodybuilding at that time I had confidence in me and I examined and treated the prisoners without any problem. On my persistent, he asked caretaker to take the prisoners in the ground. I saw each prisoner. He was very dangerous having high height, stout body with red eyes. I used normal psychology, firstly I judged his language he was pashtoon then easily I spoke in pashtoo and treated him with no fear. One who was from a Persian speaking area, I spoke Persian for him. The pashtoon prisoner patient said “you are pashtoon, my brother, there shall be no pain and asked me “you remove tooth without anesthesia”. I told him it will be painful but I could not convince him and ultimately I removed his tooth without anesthesia. On such performance “Jail Superintendent” astonished how this young boy could deal with such dangerous prisoners I told him, they only need love and if you treat them with love, they will behave well. All prisoners are treated by me in a friendly manner.

IMPROVEMENT IN THE SCIENCE OF DENTISTRY—PUNJAB

The Province of Punjab is lucky to have two leading institutions one at Lahore de’Montmorency College of Dentistry and the other at Nishtar Medical College, Multan. de’Montmorency College of Dentistry is situated on Fort Road Lahore and is a pioneer institution of the sub-continent. It was founded the then Governor of Punjab Sir Geoggery Fritz Harvey. Punjab Dental Hospital starting function in 1930. In 1934 the College was established initially for medical graduates for two years condense course. Later in 1936 four year course of BDS was started and the College was affiliated with University of Punjab. It is a parent and premier institute, it has produced many dental graduates who are working in Pakistan and abroad in very high ranking position of profession. The college is also associated with KEMC and Mayo Hospital for basic and clinical medical subjects. The admission is about 78 students per year in the first year. 

Dental Section Nishtar Medical College Multan was established in 1974 and it carries the admission 54 students each year. 

There are four professional examinations, in the first year the students have to taught Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Physiology and Biochemistry, Science of Dental Materials, Pakistan Studies and Islamiyat, Dental Material and procedures. Some of the basic science subjects Anatomy, Physiology are taught in KEMC and N.M.C. respectively. The rest of the subjects are taught in the Dental College/Dental Section. Similarly in the 2nd year General and Dental Anatomy, Pharmacology, General Pathology, Oral Physiology, Histology and pre clinical techniques in the Operative and Prosthetic departments and in the 3rd year the subjects are general medicine, general surgery, oral pathology, oral microbiology, oral medicine, and periodontology, dental radiology, partial denture prosthetics. In the 4th year the subjects are operative dentistry- including endodontics, crown and bridge, paedodontics, public health dentistry, Oral & Maxillofacial surgery, including forensic dentistry and toxicology, dental practice management, dental jurisprudence, prosthodontics pre-clinical and orthodontics including children Dentistry Radiology.

Both the institutions on dental lack Professors , Associate professors and Assistant Professors i.e. the staff position is not in accordance with PMDC status. At Lahore we have professor, Prof. of prosthetic (Principal), and Prof. of Oral Surgery. Now one who recently has been transferred to Multan. Rest of the two major departments are without the appointment of the professors. 

Operative dentistry, is very important branch of dentistry, at present, it is being run only by Assistant Prof., therefore the department at present need, Prof. Associate Professor and one more Assistant Prof. Similarly Oral and Maxillofacial   Lacks one Prof., one Associate Prof. and one Assistant Prof. and there is need for another Assistant Prof. because one Assistant Professor Prosthetics in on long leave. The Dept. of Orthodontics is being run alone by Assistant Prof. it needs Prof., Associate Prof. and one more Assistant Prof. to give proper teaching, demonstration and clinical guidance and to supervise postgraduate scholars, who doing MDS, Ph.D, or FCPC. It may be added that the de’Montmorency College has been placed as postgraduate institution.

In addition to the BDS admissions clinical services classes, lectures, there are about 45 postgraduate MDS, FCPS students who are being guided by Assist. Prof .So the situation is of very low standard and not in according to the rules of PMDC. To guide someone there is need for rich experience of teacher, who had research record in one speciality for not less than 20 years then only he can produced research. 

At Nishtar College Multan the situation is more weaker there is one Assistant Prof. heading the department and it needs also to develop the department. Resultantly Prof. of Oral Surgery of de’Montmorency College of Dentistry has been posted at Multan. There was lot of unrest at Multan.   What is solution and answer?

1.    Urge to develop i.e. creation of the posts, advertisement for the posts, selection of the candidates. There are several scholar present in Lahore who have done MDS and FCPS they are competent to be taken as Assist. Prof. and person Assist. or Associate are competent to be promoted to the higher grade.

Availability of Postgraduate

2. There are many Pakistani abroad they should be called for and they should be given incentive and attraction to come back and serve both the institutions.

3. Will to remove the threat of dissatisfaction. There is much dissatisfaction among the postgraduates institution that they are not provided the opportunity to apply and serve the profession and under graduates are facing unrest for lack of teachers. It is fact that the advancement is oriented among the students by the delivery of the knowledge of experienced teachers, who can translate the concept and philosophy of dentistry for helping the ailing population. If there is no teacher, there is a loss to the patient not only but loss to the reputation of the institution.

I as the former principal and prof. of dental public health and a teachers many time had offered my services honorarily in the field of public health and periodontology but I was given the task of Pakistan studies and Islamic Studies for three years after my retirement. I still offer my services in advisory capacity for demonstration of my skill of periodontology to the students and teachers as Professor Emeritus.

My humble request to the Health Minister and Governor Punjab is for special attention to save these two important institutions. These institutions should be stabilized with proper teachers and facilities.

CERTIFICATE GIVEN CEREMONY ON IMPLANTOLOGY

Prof. Dr. M. A. Soofi Patron of Pakistan Academy of Implant Dentistry today has distributed the postgraduate course certificates in this branch of science, this course conducted by Dr. Mahmood Qureshi, the President of Pakistan Academy of Implant Dentistry and fellow of PFA. The Academy has been formed about 15 years ago in order to propagate and enhance the knowledge, techniques and skill of the integrated implants in clinical dentistry. This 15th course was ended in Dec 2008. The course was conducted at Lahore 3-days in each month which included lectures and clinical demonstration and surgical procedure of this science and implants. Dr. Mahmood Qureshi who runs private centre for implant and reconstructive dentistry at Multan is functional implant surgeon and has trained this year about 50 dental surgeons scholars in this field. The course requirement is that the person should be graduate in dentistry and has got interest for the implant insertion in a patient who needs replacement of teeth. This is non-biological process with minimum risk and further more it depends upon the person for immune system, this surgical operation and installation of implant. If the jaw bone and tissue adopt to the implant it become functional prosthesis. The course has been assisted by fellow Muhammad Arshad Qureshi and his surgery was the pivot of the practical training. Fellow Shuja ud Din Qureshi has been constant help in this course. 

Prof. M. A. Soofi Chairperson of PFA for Pakistan & Afghanistan in his address, congratulated the recipients of the course and appreciated the spirit of their families that they could continue course for a year and had achieve new technique, courage to serve the population. He said it is occasion for happiness to me, to Dr. Mahmood Qureshi and to the recipients that we are here with successful surgeons they have done development work of new science with our constant efforts. It is enjoyable occasion and impressive atmosphere in certificate giving ceremony. Today the world wide research on implantology has become a continuing education and the dentists are learning and providing the artificial implant prosthesis to public and I feel profound pleasure to congratulate all the participants. He said that this is beginning, you had to learn more practice for successful and to have the knowledge about the material and techniques.  

Dr. Soofi said you had to change your behaviour, your thinking and you mode of action now you are in a dignified dental profession and your attitude towards the patients should be more scientific and academic I assure that your patients are your teachers, each patients is history and each history is different from other. Involve yourself in the profession with new tools, diagnosis and evaluation of the cases of implant insertion, you shall be doing great service both to the profession and to the individual. Earlier Dr. Mahmood Qureshi paid lot of tributes to Prof. Dr. M. A. Soofi for guiding these courses of Implant dentistry. It is he, who have a sparking light of knowledge and gave us courage. We owe lot for character building and inculcating in sight in this science. His blessing with wisdom, intelligence have accomplished our mission.